BRODSKO POSAVSKA ŽUPANIJA

 

Županija bogata povješću, prirodnim ljepotama, tradicijom i običajima, bogatom trpezom i plemenitom kapljicom

FAMOUS PERSONS FROM OUR COUNTY

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MIA ČORAK SLAVENSKI

Mia Čorak Slavenska was born on February 20, 1916 in Slavonski Brod and is the greatest Croatian ballerina of all time and one of the most influential artists of her time. She has performed on stages around the world, including South America, Africa and Asia, becoming the premiere ballerina of the Metropolitan Opera in New York in 1954-55. years. She started dancing in her early childhood and is the first Croatian dancer to be named primabalerin when she signed with the Croatian National Theater for the 1934/35 season. then, winning the first prize. At the end of the thirties she left Croatia and achieved great worldwide popularity and an enviable career. During her career, she won numerous prestigious world awards for her dance. In 1960, she opened a ballet studio in New York, becoming more and more engaged in teaching, and in 1963 she finally left the theater. By the early 1980s, she was teaching at the University of California, after which she retired. Mia Čorak Slavenska is also one of the most significant artistic figures of the 20th century.

IVAN MEŠTROVIĆ

It is less known that Ivan Mestrovic, one of the greatest  sculptors of the 20th century, was born in our county (Vrpolje near Slavonski Brod, August 15, 1883). He studied in Vienna, toured the whole of Europe, lived in emigration during the First World War. war and then he returned to his homeland where he achieved his greatest creative achievements between the two wars. He emigrated to Italy at the beginning of the war and lived in America after the war. He was Professor of Sculpture at Syracuse University and then since 1955 in South Bend. His extraordinary sculptural talent is evident in the lyrical and dramatic expression of the human body, which makes him one of the prominent figures of world art of the first half of the 20th century and undoubtedly among the most prominent Croatian artists whose work has received worldwide recognition in his time. The "Ivan Meštrović" Memorial Gallery was opened in Vrpolje in 1972, with about forty of his works.

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ANDRIJA ŠTAMPAR

Andrija Stampar, the first president of the World Health Organization (WHO) was born in Brodski Drenovci near Pleternica, on September 1, 1888. After his education in Vinkovci, he went to Vienna where he completed his medical studies. From 1919 he was Chief of Hygiene Service of the Ministry of National Health (Department of Racial, Public and Social Hygiene) in Belgrade; it laid the foundations for the public health service in Yugoslavia and established a number of social-medical institutions. After his forced retirement in 1931 he was an expert at the Health Organization of the League of Nations in China. He drafted the constitution of the World Health Organization and chaired the First World Health Assembly in Geneva in 1948. He was the first Vice President of the UN Economic and Social Council. He advocated the widespread health education of people, believing that many diseases can be successfully suppressed. His definition of health - that health is a state of complete physical, psychological and social well-being, not just the absence of illness, is still respected today. From 1947 until his death he was president of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

IVANA BRLIĆ MAŽURANIĆ

Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, "Croatian Andersen" born in Ogulin, on 18 April 1874 was a Croatian writer who was recognized in Croatia and in the world as one of the most important children's writers. She spent the most productive period of her life in Slavonski Brod.She is originally from a distinguished family of Mazuranic (her grandfather was a Croatian ban). She was educated privately and received an excellent education, among other things, in foreign languages, ( one of her first literary attempts in the French language). In 1892, she married Vatroslav Brlic and moved to Slavonski Brod (the Brlić family home is located on the main town square bearing her name and bearing her sculpture). As a mother of seven, she had the opportunity to become acquainted with the children's psyche, thus understanding the purity and naivety of their world. Raised in the patriotic spirit, she and her huspand, Vatroslav, are involved in public life in the champions of the national movement. Bishop Joseph Juraj Strossmayer awarded her a gold medal for her political efforts. Her crowning work is considered by critics to be a collection of narratives of Ancient Stories, published in 1916, a work containing motifs of the mythological wisdom of the ordinary world, inspired by Slavic mythology. She was nominated four times (1931, 1935, 1937 and 1938) [13] for the Nobel Prize. The Yugoslav Academy of Sciences and Arts received her as its (correspondent) member, as the first woman to be accorded such an honor. Her works have been translated into all important world languages.

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BRANKO RUŽIĆ

Branko Ruzic was born in Slavonski Brod on March 4, 1919. He was a Croatian sculptor and painter. Creating sculptural works, both archetypal and contemporary, occupies a prominent position in Croatian contemporary sculpture. He graduated from high school in Vinkovci and graduated in 1944 from the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb. In 1948, he completed painting at the same academy. He has traveled and worked in Italy, France and the United Kingdom. He worked as a teacher and wrote about art. He has had sixty-seven solo exhibitions at home and abroad. His works have been exhibited in more than two hundred group exhibitions. From 1961 to 1985, he was a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb. The  fortress Brod houses a gallery with his works as well as the works of other contemporary visual artists, one of the most significant of its kind in Croatia.

DRAGUTIN TADIJANOVIĆ

Dragutin Tadijanovic, a great Croatian bard, was born in Rastušje near Slavonski Brod on November 4, 1905. He was a Croatian poet, director of the JAZU Institute of Literature, president of the Croatian Writers' Association, and a candidate for the Nobel Prize. His poems have been an integral part of the proofreading of Croatian students for decades. He completed his elementary and high school education in Sl. Brod. and The Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb. He worked as an editor of the official newspaper Narodne novine (1935-1940), part-time teacher at the Academy of Fine Arts in Zagreb (1939 - 1945). He was the editor of the landmark edition of the Work of Croatian Writers of the XIX. and XX: Centuries of the publishing company Zora and the Croatian Poets in Matice hrvatske, director of the Institute of Literature of JAZU (until his retirement in 1973). He also worked at the Society of Writers of Croatia, of which he was president (1964 - 1965).

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STORY ABOUR BARON FRANJO TRENK

Born in Italian Calabria in 1711, this soldier and adventurer belongs to the Trenk family, descendants of an old Prussian family. The family, led by Father Ivan, moved to the area of ​​the Vojna Krajna, the border of the Austrian Empire with Turkey, in the area of ​​present-day Croatia. 1723. Father Ivan becomes commander of a fortress Brod (in Slavonski Brod) under construction, and little Franjo moves with his mother to nearby Hungary. His childhood is marked by numerous mischiefs (which include accidental self-immolation with firearms, duels and fights), and although he excels in teaching, one can clearly see that he will develop into an unrestrained character. After the death of one of his two siblings, he moves to Brod with his other brother, a fortress under his father's command, where Franjo continues to give his father a headache.

In 1727 he joins the army as a barge in the regiment of his father's friend, Nicholas Palffy. As he continues to challenge duels and seduce local girls, his father withdraws him from service to the family estate and later he marry Josephine Tiller, the daughter of the comanderof the Petrovaradin Fort.

1732 Francis's father is removed from his position as commander of the Ship Fort, for embezzlement and goes to Bavaria on command. Francis remains on the family estate and brings together a group of 20 guys, a" pandurs", the nucleus of his future regiment. After his child and wife die from the plague, he enlists in the Russian army in the war against the Turks, but is sentenced to death for disobeying orders. The harsh verdict wasencouraged by the fact  that he was the lover of the wife of the chairman of the court, Count Romjancov. He was brought before the firing squad in 1740 and pardoned in last moment. He spends 6 months on forced labor at the Kiev fort and then expelled from Russia (on the Russian-Polish border they confiscate all his property, including two devotees, a Turkish Maurice and a Jewish Rebekah).

After Maria Theresa's arrival to Austria, Austria is at war and Baron Trenk offers to gather and equip 1000 pandurs in Slavonia, well trained through the war with the Turks, and putting them into service, which is accepted.

This is how the famous Slavonian Pandurs emerge, stout guys, equipped with a long rifle, with 4 belt guns and a short sword, at first glance similar to Turkish soldiers. Their trademark is a red hooded cloak. Franjo also added to unit, military music, one of the first in Europe. Before leaving Slavonia, he captured a group of 300 Hajduks, rebels who terrorized Slavonian villages and forced them to join his pandurs. This unit, which was not formally part of the regular Austrian army, was celebrated at numerous European fronts, performing often the most difficult tasks of war, while infusing fear into the bones of enemies. During this war, Baron Trenk was often injured.

In the fall of 1745, the Austrian army was defeated and rumors spread in Vienna that Franjo was to blaim (he allegedly released the captured Prussian King Friedrich II). Accusations of embezzlement, disobedience and fornication have also arisen in military court. The empress Marija Terezija saves him  from the death penalty and he is convicted to life sentence in the Spielberg fort near Brno in the Czech Republic where he lives until his death in 1749 (at the age of 39).

Trenk's autobiography is the most widely read book of that century and has been translated into all major  world's languages. Over 70,000 people visit his grave annually.